A medical face mask, or a special surgical face mask, is designed to be worn only by medical professionals during medical procedures. They are made from sterile materials to prevent contamination by any organisms, germs or bacteria that may be present on the face or in the surgical room. The doctor or nurse wearing the mask must be sterile with clean hands and should also wear an eye shield and sterile lab gloves.
There are some medical conditions that require specific face masks for patients. A patient undergoing chemotherapy for cancer of the lung or chest will need one that can prevent his or her eyes from becoming contaminated with the patient’s own blood. This can be accomplished by using a filter that holds one-half of a pint of liquid per nostril. A mask should also be used during a procedure to clear the airway and prevent contaminated mucus from being inhaled.
Another condition requiring the use of a mask is a patient whose nose has become infected. A solution of one ounce of bleach in a quarter glass of water can be applied to the infected nose and allowed to sit overnight. The next morning the solution can then be diluted with one ounce of water and a mouthwash solution before applying it to the nose.
Some people have allergies that prevent them from breathing or feel chills and sweats when their face is covered. In these cases a face mask can be used to keep the patient’s face fresh. This is especially useful if the patient is experiencing severe symptoms of an allergy.
For people suffering from respiratory problems such as bronchitis, pneumonia or asthma, a face mask can be used to prevent infection and breathing difficulties. If the respiratory problem is not controlled, a mask should be worn to prevent contamination of the patient’s face. When a person suffers from post-operative nausea, infection or fever, it is important to cover the face while breathing. This ensures that no one contaminates their face with these organisms while breathing and also ensures that no one will inadvertently inhale bacteria or germs from the patient’s face.
Any other condition requiring a face mask should be prescribed by a physician and they should be carefully chosen to fit the patient and their face. The doctor or nurse should also ask the patient questions about any skin allergies or sensitivity so that the correct mask can be selected. While selecting a mask, it is important to choose one that matches the patient’s skin tone and texture.