A surgical face mask, sometimes called a medical face mask, is designed to be worn by medical staff during medical procedures. Surgical masks designed for use in the hospital or operating theatre are designed to prevent serious infections by capturing airborne pathogens in the mouth and nose of the wearer and shedding in liquid droplets and emissions from the patient’s mouth and nose. Face masks also protect the medical staff from infection and trauma to the face caused by falling needles, scissors, stethoscopes and other sharp objects. Some face masks have a sealed mouthpiece that is worn in place to prevent breathing difficulties when masking the nose and mouth during surgery. Face masks also have a sensor attached to them that monitors the temperature of the patient and activates the appropriate airflow based on the changes in temperature.
The importance of a good face mask cannot be underestimated during surgery. A surgical mask that does not fit properly can lead to breathing difficulties for the patient or the medical staff. Improper fit can also cause discomfort for the patient and difficulty breathing and may result in death if not immediately removed by the patient or the attending physician. The most common cause of breathing difficulties is that the mask itself becomes inflamed, which usually occurs during the first twenty minutes of surgery.
The purpose of a surgical mask may also include the prevention of secondary infections. As breathing becomes labored, it is more difficult for a patient to remove large-particle droplets of blood from the lungs, which can result in secondary infections. Surgical mask protects these large particles from entering the surgical area. Large-particle droplets of blood are dangerous because they can enter the blood stream through tiny hair-like projections on the surface of the skin. In addition, these small particles can be released into the air, which can cause airborne contamination and cause allergic reactions such as nausea, dizziness and swelling of the face, throat, lips or eyes.
Many titles beginning with the letter “F” have something to do with facemasks. These are medical devices used to protect the patient’s delicate nasal and sinus membranes. Some of these titles beginning with the letter “F” include: Fasting facemasks, medicated facemasks, anti-fungal facemasks, oral prophylaxis, surgical facemasks and steroidal face masks.
During surgical procedures, it is important that the right surgical face mask is worn to prevent contamination of the surgical site. The use of an appropriate surgical mask should be based on the type of procedure to be performed and the risks associated with the intended use of the device. One type of device is the nose mask. The other types of surgical masks that may be required during surgical procedures are the brow or ear nose masks, and the mouth nose and cheek surgical masks.
A face mask that is designed for breathing purposes is called an oxygen mask. These devices allow only a small stream of air into the windpipe while the patient breathes. The most common type of oxygen mask used for breathing purposes is the face mask or oxygenation mask. It allows patients with restricted breathing to breathe without obstruction. Two types of these face masks are the nose breathing mask or the full face breathing mask.