A facial mask, sometimes called a facial cleanser, is a clothized covering usually made from common fabric, such as cotton or polyester, worn over the nose and mouth. The mask will contain substances to cleanse and tighten the skin. Facial cleansers are sometimes used in conjunction with other facial treatments such as chemical peels or dermabrasion. In some cases, a facial mask can be designed specifically for particular skin types, including sensitive or acne-prone skin.
Droplets, or sebum, are the oil produced by the sebaceous glands found in the hair follicles of the skin. Sebum production is stimulated by an enzyme called propionibacterium acnes, also known as p. acnes. When p. acnes is unable to rise above the surface of the skin, it dies off. Thus, when p. acnes is blocked by dirt or debris, the sebum produced remains in the follicle, which becomes clogged, causing acne or whiteheads.
To keep these small particles from building up, a medical technician may use a facial cleanser or a medicated cream under regular cleanings in combination with mechanical exfoliation. Sebum is composed of water, amino acids, fatty acids, glycerin, cholesterol, saponins, carbohydrates, lipids, and a variety of other substances. These different substances are transported through tiny blood vessels to the oil glands located in the hair follicles. By exfoliating dead skin cells and secreting the oil in tiny glands, a physician can clean and close the pores so that sebum and other materials can move out. A surgical mask may be composed of a layer of desiccated cells that has been sealed and redesigned for better drainage; a piece of tissue from the nose or cheek is used as a graft that has been cut into the skin; or a piece of flesh from somewhere else on the body is used as a graft.
While some people do not see face masks as a cure for acne or other conditions, it does prevent further spread of the infection. A small abrasion of the surface causes a spread of the bacteria from one part of the body to another, although bacteria from one area of the face usually does not travel to the other parts. Scientific studies have shown that wearing face masks reduces the transmission of a skin virus known as Human Papillomavirus (HPV). However, transmission of any microorganism from one area of the body to another remains unaltered when wearing masks.
Wearing face masks also helps improve facial tone, skin color, and texture. It can also reduce or eliminate the appearance of small scars and wrinkles, according to some research. In addition, wearing masks has the added advantage of improving skin moisture content and reducing dryness. Another benefit of using masks regularly is that they increase facial blood flow. Reducing the need for moisturizers and sunscreen will help delay the aging process and minimize sun damage.
As a general rule, the longer the face mask stays on the body, the more deeply it penetrates. The ear loops are especially deep because they are attached to the face, but the rest of the mask should be as deep. Wearing a face mask that is too thick will block the ears from receiving the benefits. Also, the mask must be held firmly against the skin, as it should not slip or move around when it comes off.