A surgical face mask, sometimes called a sterile medical face mask, is designed to be worn only by trained medical personnel during surgical procedures. Surgeons normally wear these masks while operating on their patients. Surgical masks designed for this purpose are meant to prevent infection in medical staff and preventing further injury to patients by removing airborne pathogens and liquid droplets from the patient’s mouth and nose. This prevents the spread of infection through a person’s airway and from one patient to another.
Face masks made of solid latex rubber are the most commonly used product. The material is quite comfortable to wear. The material does not irritate the skin and it is easy to clean. Because of the physical distancing effect, it is usually worn when operating on delicate tissue. The material does not provide adequate protection against particles and the latex itself can cause irritation and even infection if it is not worn properly.
Some newer face masks include carbon-dioxide-based or microwaveable technologies. Carbon-dioxide facemasks provide a barrier against gases such as chlorine and nitrogen. Microwave technology uses radio waves to heat up the top layer of the cloth which forces the air to move faster downward through the fabric. The heated air then takes up the carbon dioxide molecules, holding them against the face. Although the effects of carbon dioxide are not immediately noticeable, they can be damaging over time.
Face masks should provide protection not only against physical distancing but also against moisture and infectious vapors. One such technology is the use of multiple layers of ultra-light fabric that provides protection against moisture. The fabric can be thin or thick – providing protection from fog, moisture, smoke and carbon dioxide. Some face masks have a series of tiny holes to allow air flow. The number of holes determines how much air can pass through the fabric, allowing you to determine whether your mask is effective in preventing fogging and evaporation of your face.
You should consider the climate in which you live when choosing a face mask. Face masks designed for use in high-humidity environments should be washed after each use. Face masks designed for use in areas with a low level of humidity should be washed less often. For most other areas, the answer is simply to choose a single-piece mask. Wash it only when needed and you will get the most use out of your mask.
Face mask usage is similar to that of a typical hand sanitizer: only a small amount need to be applied to the face to avoid spreading to the other parts of the body. If using a hand sanitizer, you should wipe down the sink and counter before putting on a new mask. When using face masks, just apply the gel, wipe it off, and put the mask back on. You don’t have to worry about it spreading or staying put unless you do not intend to wear the mask all night. As long as you clean and rinse the mask well, you can enjoy its effect throughout the day without worrying about breakouts.