A surgical face mask, also called a facial mask, is designed to be worn by medical professionals during certain healthcare processes. Surgical masks are designed to keep infections from spreading in patients and slowing down the rate of treatment by capturing airborne pathogens and fluid droplets from the face of the wearer and keeping them out of the mouth and nose of the patient. Face masks also prevent the spread of infectious diseases from one patient to another. This prevents patients from receiving contaminated treatment that could lead to serious consequences. The use of face masks has been in place since the 19th century.
The term ‘face mask’ refers to a wide range of masks worn to protect the face from contamination. They can be worn for several purposes, including protecting the eyes from bacteria, preventing the spread of disease, and slowing down the rate of infection clearing. Face masks can also be worn to maintain personal hygiene. The term ‘medical face mask’ is used to refer to a specific type of medical face mask that is designed to prevent and treat allergic reactions. This type of face mask is often required under other medical treatments.
There are many different kinds of materials that are used to make a face mask. One of the most common types of materials used is latex, which is a natural rubber based product. Medical grade gloves made from vinyl and cotton will sometimes cover the hands but may not completely protect the patient. Some surgical masks use an airtight mouthpiece that is secured to the face mask with a bonding agent, while others are held in place with plastic suction cups or Velcro strips. Some masks also have tiny holes in them, which allow airflow through the material while preventing air from going through the fabric.
A face mask generally consists of two layers: the face guard (the full face mask) and the exhalation valve (the lower face mask). The two layers are usually sewn together. However, if the skin of the patient is delicate or has more tiny holes, it may be necessary to add additional padding between the face guard and the exhalation valve for extra protection. The padding is typically made from a synthetic material that can be machine washed in a machine. A face mask may be one of two layers: one layer that is over the exhalation valve and the other layer that is below the valve and designed to keep debris and moisture out of the breathing passageway.
Because a face mask can be used as either a prevention or a treatment for the common cold, it is particularly important to keep it clean. Because the virus spreads through the air, it is especially important to wear a mask when working or playing sports, where the virus is easily airborne. When patients are prescribed an effective face mask to wear under their overall supply of glasses, they should also wear it whenever possible. This will help to reduce the spread of the disease from one person to another. Wearing a mask over one’s eyes when sick can also help to ward off some of the symptoms, like the runny nose and cough. For this reason, doctors recommend that all patients who wear a supply of glasses prescribe their own eye protection.
If a patient with acute illness, severe coughs, post-nasal drip, droplets, wheezing, lips that are dry and cracked, a cracked eye, or a history of corneal abrasions wear a face mask on a daily basis and follow all recommendations given by their doctor, then there is no need for social distancing. They should not try to avoid being in places where others are, but they should not try to make themselves appear unkempt and ill-equipped. Allowing themselves to fall asleep in places with people who are not infected will not harm them, but can help to avoid catching the cold. Above all, though, patients with acute illness, especially those who are coughing or have droplets in their eyes, should always wash their hands thoroughly and use clean solutions for washing their faces, using the disease-preventing cleanser that their doctor has prescribed.