A surgical face mask, sometimes called a surgical face mask, is designed to be worn during medical procedures by medical personnel. Surgeons design these face masks to provide maximum airway protection for the patient while allowing air to flow past the mask. The purpose of the surgical face mask is to keep the patient from breathing in harmful contamination, while allowing air to blow by the mask into the patient’s mouth. Surgical masks are designed to keep infection out of patients and saving staff and patients by removing microorganisms shed in droplets and mist aerosols from the patient’s mouth and nose. Face masks can either be soft contact or hard contact with the skin. Soft contact masks seal the mouth and nose; hard contact masks require a special adhesive to seal the mouth and nose but leave an open edge for breathability.
In general, a mask that is designed for one patient and is different for each surgery will be slightly different in design. Most surgeries involve a tight seal around the nose and mouth to prevent contamination from entering the patient’s airway. The nasal and forehead incision areas will have slightly different mask design than those for the chin, cheeks and base of the skull. An individual surgeon is typically responsible for the design of the mask for each particular surgery.
There are several types of surgical face masks available. One is a thin plastic mask that is used during rhinoplasties. This type of surgical face mask has no padding or cushions, just a thin plastic layer over the nose and mouth. Other types include a foam mask that contours to the patient’s face, a hard plastic mask with elastic straps to hold it in place and a nasal protector, which is similar to a nasal bag.
The doctor will select the appropriate type of mask for each individual patient depending on their individual characteristics, medical history and any allergies they may have. The type of surgical face mask that is used for a particular procedure will usually be the same for that patient. Some surgeons choose to use a unique style for a particular patient only. This can be due to a specific aesthetic issue, a special facial feature or because the patient requires a certain type of mask.
During rhinoplasties and other facial surgeries, a surgical face mask is removed and reused before being replaced for a different patient. It is important to note that a new patient must be carefully screened before using a new surgical face mask. It is also advisable to read the instructions provided by your surgeon carefully before attempting any surgical face mask removal.
Once the face mask has been removed and any required cleaning and disinfecting has been completed, the surgeon then cleans the face and places adhesive strips over each eye and cheek. Surgeons place a fresh disposable mask on the face before placing the second one on. They then repeat the procedure as many times as necessary until the patient is satisfied that the procedure has been completed successfully.