A face mask, also referred to as a general surgical mask is specially designed for use by surgeons during surgical procedures. It is typically designed to prevent infection in the patient and reducing the risk of infecting staff and patients by capturing bacteria in droplets and liquid droppings from the patient’s mouth. It prevents inhalation of infectious material that can enter into the respiratory tract and causes infections. It also protects the eyes, nose and mouth from direct contact with surgical instruments, making them much less likely to become infected or contract an illness.
Surgical masks are commonly used by patients before and after a surgery and also during the postoperative period. There are a number of reasons why a patient would wear a mask for the surgical procedure including protection against infections, removing foreign particles from the mouth, protecting the nasal area and eyes from direct exposure to instruments and preventing contamination of the operating room. It is also used as a medical device for monitoring blood oxygen saturation, maintaining pressure and temperature during a surgery, disinfecting surgical devices and sterilizing blood samples.
Before performing a surgery, the first step is to take a face mask off and clean the mouth and nose properly. Once the face mask is removed, the surgeon must make sure that it is completely clean and free of any foreign particles. The surgeon then puts sterile cotton swabs on his or her fingers and cleans the mouth, nose and eyes, ensuring that they are clean before placing the mask back over the patient’s mouth. The surgical surgeon also cleans his or her hands before inserting the surgical device. It is important to note that once the patient is put into a face mask for the first time, it is important to remain still until the procedure is complete.
The face mask will remain in place for up to 90 minutes, which is known as the preoperative period. During this time the face mask is supposed to absorb all of the moisture and dust in the surgical area. However, it is recommended that the patient should still be active during this period and move around the surgical area so that the airways, nose and ears are clear of any mucus or any foreign particles that could obstruct breathing. The face mask should also be opened and the patient should try to clear his or her nasal passages and throat with a tissue, to facilitate drainage and allow the mucus to drain out of the nose and throat naturally.
After the preoperative period, the face mask is removed, and the surgical area is cleaned thoroughly. It is important for the patient to avoid touching any instruments, so he or she should carefully remove all gloves and wash his or her hands thoroughly.
In order to ensure the highest quality of patient care and surgical procedure, it is important to wear a disposable face mask during the surgical procedure. This is done by the attending physician, or technician who works alongside the patient during the procedure. It should be made of the same quality and type of latex material as the one used for the surgical device itself, and it should be cleaned and disinfected after each use. The face mask should also be sterilized before it is placed back on the patient.