A medical face mask is designed to be worn only by medical professionals when performing various medical procedures on patients. Medical masks are designed to prevent infection in personnel and patients by trapping bacteria inside the mouth and nasal cavities, allowing only clean and sterile fluid to escape through a patient’s mouth. The mask also minimizes exposure to contamination of the respiratory system and respiratory irritants.
There are several types of face masks available today for doctors, nurses and other workers in the medical field. All surgical masks have to be certified by an accredited testing lab, although most dental or cosmetology masks are not. A face mask that has been approved by the American Academy of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS) provides protection from all risks of contamination by bacteria and viruses found in patients’ mouths and respiratory areas.
If a person is subjected to certain levels of air contamination, or air pollution, their face can become inflamed and irritated as the air is breathed in, and then the same may be experienced in the facial area if they wear a face mask. Air contaminated with bacteria can cause swelling of the sinuses and irritation of the skin of the face. Air contaminated with viruses can cause serious complications such as asthma or viral meningitis. Airborne particles such as dust and pollen can affect the respiratory tract, causing bronchial asthma, coughing, and wheezing.
Masks must also be able to filter out debris and particles from the patient’s eyes and ears. As these are two of the most sensitive areas of the face, they must be able to filter out all forms of irritants, ensuring complete safety for the patient. A mask should also allow a clear view of the patient’s teeth and gums.
A dental mask is designed to protect the patient from all elements that can result in teeth and gums damage. A dental mask is usually designed to provide complete coverage of the teeth and gums, providing complete protection against bacteria and airborne irritants. If a dental mask is worn, it must be able to provide adequate coverage of the teeth and gums in order to prevent the patient from developing in gingivitis or periodontal disease. Gingivitis is a condition that develops when bacteria become lodged in the gums and causes inflammation, which is a condition that can lead to tooth decay and loss of tooth enamel.
Surgical masks also include the ability to filter out air-borne debris and particles. Although a surgical face mask can be used during surgery, it cannot be used for oral hygiene. A surgical face mask can only be used for protecting the patient during the healing period, while a surgical bandage, or some form of disposable surgical gown is worn to cover the head in case a person becomes unconscious or becomes infected. It is also used to prevent contamination of the surgical site, especially if the surgical site is exposed to open wounds or blood.