A face mask, sometimes called a facial wash, is a thick cloth mask worn to clean the face. Facial masks have many applications, ranging from general cleanliness to minor irritants such as sun damage or acne. Face masks can also be used to alleviate some symptoms associated with more serious medical conditions or allergic reactions.
Face masks are made up of a material that covers the entire face. The materials can be composed of synthetic fabric, such as acrylic or polyester, natural fibers, such as ramie or oilskin, or a combination of natural and synthetic fibers. Face covers can be worn close to the head to clean out pores and smudges, or they can be worn to cover just the nose and chin. Generally, a face mask consists of a thin, flexible piece of material that is fastened to the face. Some are secured by elastic bands, Velcro, or buttons, while others are held in place with adhesive strips or zippers.
A face mask is not designed to be an exact duplicate of the skin. It is supposed to approximate the skin’s moisture level, as well as to shield it from allergens. Typically, face masks contain a variety of ingredients, such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide to exfoliate the skin and bleach the hair, or alpha hydroxy acids or whitening agents to brighten or even whiten the hair. Most contain a sunscreen, which may not be present in the formula.
Face masks should be worn at least twice each week, if not more frequently. If you wear makeup, it is recommended that you switch to a brand of facial cleanser that does not contain lauryl sulfate. Many cleansers on the market today contain this ingredient, which can cause redness, peeling, itchiness, and irritation.
When selecting a face mask, you will notice that there are two main categories: cotton and synthetic. Cotton fabrics are more comfortable to wear, but they do not allow the droplets to escape. The droplets usually escape through the nose, onto the cheek, or out through the mouth. Synthetic fabrics are typically less comfortable to wear, but they allow the droplets to escape through the nose, onto the cheek, or out of the mouth.
The most commonly used face masks include colloidal ointments, gel, and hyaluronic acid. Colloidal ointments are typically used to treat mild to moderate scars. Gel and hyaluronic acid are often used to combat severe scarring. Some of these products are available over the counter, but you might need a doctor’s prescription to get these stronger ingredients.